What is Universal Children’s Day and why is Moneytrans celebrating it with a Solidarity Campaign?
Established by the United Nations in 1954, Children’s Day is marked on November 20 each year to promote international togetherness, awareness among children worldwide, and improving children’s welfare.
It is also the day when the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959 and the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989.
What is the Convention on the rights of the child ?
The Convention on the Rights of the Child is part of the legally binding international instruments for the guarantee and the protection of Human Rights. Adopted in 1989, the Convention’s objective is to protect the rights of all children in the world. This Convention represents the most comprehensive international text that exists in terms of children’s rights protection.
The Convention has several “foundation principles” that underpin all other children’s rights. The Convention comprises 54 articles that establish the body of all children’s civil and political rights, as well as their economic, social and cultural rights.
It also advocates the protection and promotion of the rights of special needs children, of minority children and of refugee children.
This Convention establishes 4 principles that must govern the implementation of all the rights it advocates:
- Non-discrimination: Non-discrimination means that all children have the same right to develop their potential — all children, in all situations, all of the time, everywhere.
- Best interest of the child: The best interests of the child must be “a primary consideration” in all actions and decisions concerning her or him, and must be used to resolve confusion between different rights.
- Right to life, survival and development: The right to survival and development underscores the vital importance of ensuring access to basic services and to equity of opportunity for children to achieve their full development.
- Respect for the views of the child: The views of the child means that the voice of children must be heard and respected in all matters concerning their rights. Countries must promote children’s active, free and meaningful participation in decision-making that affects them.
The States that ratified the Convention are obligated to respect and to ensure that all rights it establishes in the name of children are respected.
The CRC has been ratified by over 190 countries since it was adopted unanimously by the United Nations General Assembly in November 1989. Ratification commits countries to a code of binding obligations towards their children. Thanks to the CRC, child rights are now at the cutting edge of the global struggle for human rights, to be ensured by adult society as a matter of legal obligation, moral imperative and development priority. In the years since the CRC was adopted, the world has seen dramatic gains for children.
The guarantee and protection of the children’s rights is the primary concern at stake regarding the convention.
The meaning of the rights of the children
Children’s rights were recognised after the 1st World war, with the adoption of the Declaration of Geneva, in 1924. The process of recognition of children’s rights continued thanks to the UN, with the adoption of the Declaration of children’s rights in 1959.
The recognition of the child’s interest and his rights become real on 20 November 1989 with the adoption of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Children’s rights are human rights. They protect the child as a human being. As human rights, children’s rights are constituted by fundamental guarantees and essential human rights.
“Humanity has to do its best for the child.” Declaration of Geneva.
Understanding Children’s Rights
- Right to Life: The right to life means that each child must be able to live his or her own life. Children have the right not to be killed. They have the right to survive and to grow up in proper conditions.
- Right to Education: The right to education allows each child to receive instruction, to enjoy a social life, and to build his or her own future. This right is essential for economic, social and cultural development.
- Right to Food: The right to food is the right of each child to eat. It is the right to not die of hunger and to not suffer from malnutrition. Every five seconds, a child dies of hunger somewhere in the world.
- Right to Health: The right to health means that children must be protected against illness. They must be allowed to grow and become healthy adults. This contributes to developing an active society.
- Right to Water: The right to water means children have the right to safe drinking water and proper sanitary conditions. The right to water is essential for good health, survival and proper growth.
- Right to Identity: Each child has the right to have a surname, a firstname, a nationality, and to know who his or her relatives are. The right to identity also means that each child’s existence and rights must be officially recognised.
- Right to Freedom: The right to liberty is the child’s right to express him or herself, to have opinions, to have access to information, and to participate in decisions which affect his or her life. Children also have the right to religious freedom.
- Right to Protection: The right to protection is the right to live in a secure and protective environment which preserves the child’s well-being. Each child has the right to be protected from all forms of mistreatment, discrimination, and exploitation.
“The one thing all children have in common is their rights. Every child has the right to survive and thrive, to be educated, to be free from violence and abuse, to participate and to be heard.”-Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
Why is World Children´s Day celebrated?
In many developed countries, children have never had it so good, with access to education, health care, the internet and much more. But millions more are facing unprecedented upheaval. More than 50 million children have been uprooted from their homes due to conflict, poverty and climate change while millions more face violence in their communities. According to the UN, around 263 million children do not attend school and last year nearly six million children under five died from mostly preventable diseases.
263 million children are out of school. 168 million of them are estimated to be currently involved in child labour – half of them doing dangerous work. 156 million children under five years of age suffer from stunted growth and limited intellectual development. Almost 28 million flee their homes. The figures are quite clear: at least 700 million children around the world have seen their childhood stolen according to the World Report 2016 published by Save the Children
There is much to celebrate…from declining infant mortality to rising school enrolment, but this historic milestone must also serve as an urgent reminder that much remains to be done. Too many children still do not enjoy their full rights on par with their peers.
Business as usual is not enough to make the vision of the Convention a reality for all children. The world needs new ideas and approaches, and the Convention must become a guiding document for every human being in every nation.
“On this Children’s Day, we must confront the uncomfortable truth that around the world, the rights of millions of children are being violated every day,” Anthony Lake, Unicef Executive Director, said.
How is celebrated and how to help:
Generally the date is dedicated to raising awareness of issues affecting children with speeches about child welfare, wellbeing and rights as well as many events celebrating childhood.
There are many ways to help promote children’s rights and donate money. Moneytrans is pleased to commemorate Universal Children’s Day this year with a global solidarity campaign that will focus on the theme: Inclusive education.
We want to change the lives of people through education and focus our efforts on those who do not have access to it. For Moneytrans, education represents the hopes, dreams and aspirations of children, families, communities and nations around the world. It is the safest way to break out of the poverty cycle and building a more secure future and to have healthier and more productive citizens and stronger societies.Because we think education opens the world, we want to contribute our small grain of sand by spreading this initiative to remove the conscience of the people and appeal to their solidarity.
Education opens the world
You can also help! Make your contribution and make your bit!
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Info vía: Naciones Unidas, Unicef, Save The Children y Humanium.